Home About Us Book Catalogue Online Bookstore
VIPP Community of Practice > Community-level development work, including PRA/PLA
Community-level development work, including PRA / PLA
Tampuen villagers in Ratanakiri, Cambodia, carefully describe their healing methods, which do not correspond to Western medical principles. The VIPP process demonstrates respect for other cultures via dialogue and an interest to learn from each other.

VIPP can be used for planning and implementing development activities at the grassroots. In such processes, local technicians or promoters work with illiterate or marginalized people in suburban or rural areas. Facilitators, in such cases, will employ several techniques which rely on the cultural experience of the group, such as drawings or oral expressions. These may be visualised by the facilitators themselves in the first instance, until local people gain skill in this.

The main constraint in using VIPP at the grassroots level may be a lack of literacy and the poor skills or attitudes of the technicians and promoters to dialogue with the poor. The first problem may be addressed by producing meaningful symbols or pictures to express ideas. However, the second problem is more pervasive. Extension workers are usually educated to think of themselves as superior to village people and it is difficult for them to admit that the people possess valid knowledge, as well as special forms of communicating about it. This is seldom learned at universities or colleges. Extension workers may find it very difficult to switch to more participatory approaches as they are trained to give orders and instructions.

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) advanced in the last decade from its rural focus into Participatory Learning and Action (PLA), which comprises many participatory approaches in all situations of development. VIPP is a complementary approach to PLA. VIPP is a method used by people who read and write, while PLA mainly uses local people's drawings and community discussions, including the involvement of non-literates. The basic philosophy is the same but the audience for both approaches may differ. VIPP may be considered one of the possibilities within the PLA framework.

 
 
What is VIPP?
How was VIPP developed?
How is VIPP used?
List of applications
Planning and revising projects and programmes
Communication materials development and storyline planning
Putting research into action
Community-level development work, including PRA/PLA
Training workshops
Training of facilitators and trainers
Curricula development
Running conferences and information markets
Management, human resource planning and team building
Business meetings
Getting started
Clients or organizers
Time
Inaugurals and closings
Difficult participants
Diversity (gender, cultural, racial, socio-economic)
Logistics
Inexperienced Co-facilitators
Documentation and Reporting

Other issues

VIPP Online Discussions
VIPP Materials
VIPP facilitators and institutions?
Links to Related Websites
Useful VIPP Forms
Click here to return to the VIPP Community of Practice home page

HOME | ABOUT US | BOOK CATALOGUE | ONLINE BOOKSTORE
Southbound books on participatoty development communication and ICT for social change.
© Southbound Sdn. Bhd., 2006/2007. All rights reserved.